Russian archaeologists excavate the skull of a 5,000-year-old man who underwent age-old brain surgery


Archaeologists unearth the skull of an ‘unfortunate’ 5,000-year-old man who underwent botched brain surgery with a stone ‘scalpel’

  • A Bronze Age man in his twenties who died after brain surgery has been discovered
  • His skull was found in Crimea and archaeologists believe he had surgery
  • It was found by the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Archaeologists have excavated the skull of a 5,000-year-old man who underwent age-old brain surgery.

Remarkable 3D images and photos of Crimea show traces of trepanation on a Bronze Age man in his twenties.

The surgery was unsuccessful, scientists say, and the “unfortunate” patient lived only a short time after going under a stone “scalpel.”

The old ‘doctor’ certainly had a ‘surgical set of’ stone tools, ‘said the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow.

Archaeologists have unearthed the skull of a 5,000-year-old man in Crimea who underwent ancient brain surgery during the Bronze Age

Archaeologists have unearthed the skull of a 5,000-year-old man in Crimea who underwent ancient brain surgery during the Bronze Age

The skull was found on a skeleton in a deep grave in a Scythian burial mound some 5,000 years ago.

Judging by the position of the bones, the body of the deceased was gently placed on the back, turned slightly to the left, the legs were strongly bent at the knees and turned to the left, the institute said.

“Large fragments of red pigment were found near the head and on the vault of the skull.”

Two flint arrowheads were buried with the old man. The dimensions of the trepanation were 140 × 125 millimeters.

The skull was found on a skeleton in a deep grave in a Scythian burial mound some 5,000 years ago

The skull was found on a skeleton in a deep grave in a Scythian burial mound some 5,000 years ago

The skull was found on a skeleton in a deep grave in a Scythian burial mound some 5,000 years ago

Remarkable 3D images and photos of Crimea show traces of trepanation on a Bronze Age man in his twenties

Remarkable 3D images and photos of Crimea show traces of trepanation on a Bronze Age man in his twenties

Remarkable 3D images and photos of Crimea show traces of trepanation on a Bronze Age man in his twenties

Dr. Maria Dobrovolskaya, head of the Laboratory of Contextual Anthropology, said: “This young man was unlucky.

Despite the fact that the survival rate after trepanation was very high even in ancient times, he apparently died shortly after surgery.

This is evidenced by the absence of clear traces of healing. Traces of a trepanation instrument are clearly visible on the surface of the bone.

“Paradoxically, this is a rarity, as most ancient humans survived safely even after multiple trepanations.”

Three kinds of traces were left by the prehistoric “surgeons” who used different types of stone knives, said Olesya Uspenskaya, a researcher in Stone Age archeology.

Two flint arrowheads were buried with the old man.  The dimensions of the trepanation were 140 × 125 millimeters

Two flint arrowheads were buried with the old man.  The dimensions of the trepanation were 140 × 125 millimeters

Two flint arrowheads were buried with the old man. The dimensions of the trepanation were 140 × 125 millimeters

Dr.  Maria Dobrovolskaya, head of the Laboratory of Contextual Anthropology, said: “This young man was unlucky.  Despite the fact that the survival rate after trepanation was very high even in ancient times, he apparently died shortly after surgery '

Dr.  Maria Dobrovolskaya, head of the Laboratory of Contextual Anthropology, said: “This young man was unlucky.  Despite the fact that the survival rate after trepanation was very high even in ancient times, he apparently died shortly after surgery '

Dr. Maria Dobrovolskaya, head of the Laboratory of Contextual Anthropology, said: “This young man was unlucky. Despite the fact that the survival rate after trepanation was very high even in ancient times, he apparently died shortly after surgery ‘

These were small long linear tracks, large deep linear tracks in the form of parallel grooves and tracks left with a thick blade.

Experts believe that in ancient times, trepanation was performed for both surgical and ritual purposes.

In some cases it may have been to ‘change someone’s nature’.

The goal of ancient brain surgery may have been to relieve severe headaches, cure a hematoma, repair skull injuries, or try to overcome epilepsy.

Research in Russia shows that prehistoric physicians performing these kinds of primitive procedures used cannabis, magic mushrooms, and even shamanic practices such as ecstatic dancing as anesthetics to ease the pain.

Advertisement

.

The post Russian archaeologists excavate the skull of a 5,000-year-old man who underwent age-old brain surgery appeared first on WhatsNew2Day.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *